Anyone experiencing a heart attack can experience any of the following symptoms:-
- A sensation of uncomfortable pressure, fullness or squeezing pain in the center of the chest
- Sweating profusely
- A feeling of light-headedness or tendency to faint from dizziness
- Experiencing shortness of breath
- A sense of discomfort or pain spreading beyond the breast to the back, shoulders, neck, jaw, teeth, one or both arms and occasionally the upper abdomen.
A heart attack typically causes chest pain for not more than a period of fifteen minutes; however, it can have no symptoms at all. It is vital to be aware of the symptoms other than the chest pain, such as persistent pain in the neck or jaw and indigestion.
Many individuals who experience a heart attack encounter various warning signs hours, days and even weeks in advance.
What to do when you or someone has a heart attack?
- Dial 911 or your local emergency number. Under absolute, no circumstances ignore or attempt to tough out the symptoms of a heart attack. If you lack access to emergency medical services, have a friend drive you to the nearest hospital. Drive yourself only as a last resort and realize that is it not safe for you and others on the road as well.
- Chew and swallow an aspirin, unless you have been prescribed by the doctor to stay away from it or is allergic to it.
- Take nitroglycerine only when prescribed. If you think you are experiencing a heart attack, take nitroglycerine if it was previously prescribed for you. Do not consume anyone else’s nitroglycerine as that could put you in more danger.
- Begin CPR if the person becomes unconscious. If you are with a person who has become unconscious, call and tell the 911 dispatcher or any other emergency medical service specialist. You may most probably be advised to begin CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If you don’t know how to perform CPR or haven’t been trained adequately,
medical experts recommend performing anywhere from 100 to 120 compressions on the chest in a minute. The dispatcher can guide and instruct you in the proper procedures till help arrives.
- When an AED or automated external defibrillator is available near you immediately when the person falls unconscious, follow the instructions printed on the device and use it.